Spain's hopes of reaching the 2015 Rugby World Cup took another blow as they were beaten 25-15 by Romania in Gijon.
Despite scoring just the one try through Catalin Fercu in the first half, it was the boot of Florian Vlaicu that saw Romania home as he converted Fercu's five-pointer and added six more penalties.
Lionel Pardo and Cesar Sempere replied with tries for Los Leones, whilst Corey Simpson added a penalty and a conversion.
Defeat leaves Spain bottom of the European Nations Cup tournament with just three points from their opening three games.
Elsewhere, defending champions Georgia ran out 23-9 winners over Russia in Sochi and have inched ahead of Romania in the standings by virtue of scoring more tries in the three rounds so far.
Leading the chase now to catch Georgia and Romania is Portugal after they picked up their first win of the competition spanning two years with a hard-fought 18-12 victory over Belgium in Lisbon.
Portugal have five points after three rounds - seven fewer than the leading pair - with Belgium and Russia on four points and Spain bottom with three points.
The top two sides at the end of the two-year qualification campaign will progress to the World Cup in England with the third-placed side going into a play-off.